Olympic gold medal-winning heptathlete Jessica Ennis was joint seventh along with Ellie Simmonds, who won gold in the pool at the Paralympics. Both sporting stars were regarded as inspirational by 28% of Scottish women surveyed.
Businesswoman Karren Brady, the vice-chair of West Ham United Football Club and one of Lord Sugar's advisers on the hit TV show The Apprentice, came ninth with 21%.
The Duchess of Cambridge - who is pregnant with her first child - was 10th, with 20% of women describing her as an inspiration.
Judith Robertson, head of Oxfam Scotland, said: "As we prepare to mark International Women's Day on March 8, it is very positive to see such talented women represented in this survey, showing that Scotland's women are inspired by dedication and achievement."
The survey was carried out by YouGov, with 130 women questioned between February 1 and 4.